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Coronavirus Symptoms and Treatment
Coronavirus is one of the most common viruses that cause nasal infections, sore throats, and sinuses. In most cases, it is not a serious infection except for two types known as Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) and atypical pneumonia, or what is known as Severe acute respiratory syndrome.
In fact, the CoronaVirus family includes seven different types of viruses that can infect humans; four of them – which are the most common – cause colds infection, in addition to the two dangerous types that cause serious respiratory infections and the lungs and are known as the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. Respiratory syndrome (MERS), or SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome), is a new and recently added type of the list of coronaviruses that can infect humans.
The Origin Of The Spread Of The New Coronavirus
Coronaviruses are animal in origin, meaning that they are able to transmit from animals to humans. Coronavirus infection is common in certain types of animals, particularly mammals and birds.
But in some rare cases, these viruses may develop and be able to transmit infection from an animal to a person, and it may also have the ability to transmit the infection from an infected person to another person.
While the coronavirus that causes SARS was transmitted from civet cats to humans, and these viruses possessed the ability to transmit infection from an infected person to another person as well, the Coronavirus causing Middle East syndrome caused a large number of infections and hundreds of deaths in its first outbreak in 2012 and then in 2015, while the Coronavirus, which causes SARS infection, caused the death of 773 people in 2003, and global measures have been taken to contain these viruses. Since 2015, no new SARS cases have been recorded.
Symptoms of Infection With The New Coronavirus
Symptoms of the new coronavirus include some common symptoms of a respiratory infection, in addition to the possibility of severe symptoms if the lungs are infected, including the following:
- Runny nose
- High temperature and fever.
In some severe cases, the symptoms included: pneumonia, acute respiratory distress, kidney failure, and death. The emergence of these symptoms is more common in some special groups such as those with weak immune systems, people with heart and lung disease, the elderly, and young children.
How Does Coronavirus Spread Between People?
Coronaviruses are transmitted according to available evidence through contact with infected people via respiratory drops by:
- 1- Sneeze.
- 2- Coughing.
- 3- Touching or shaking hands with an infected person; without washing hands afterward, rubbing the eyes, nose, or mouth.
- 4- Touching a contaminated surface or object with a virus reached by an infected person without washing hands afterward, and rubbing the eyes, nose, or mouth.
There is no vaccine to prevent the new coronavirus at the present time, and it is the only way to prevent it by following general advice and guidelines to reduce the transmission of respiratory infections from one person to another
Wash hands for at least 25 seconds with soap & water daily regularly. If you do not have soap and water, alcohol-based hand sanitizers can be used. Avoid touching or rubbing the eyes, nose, or face with unclean hands.
individuals with respiratory infections Avoid contact with them directly
Staying home if you have a respiratory infection to avoid transmitting the infection to others.
Cover the nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing with a tissue, and dispose of them appropriately afterward.
Although the specific animal type through which infection with the new coronavirus has not been transmitted to humans has not been revealed, the World Health Organization recommends the following general precautions to prevent the new coronavirus transmission from animals to humans:
Wash hands with soap and water if visiting any of the markets that sell animals, or animal products, and avoid touching the eyes, nose, or mouth, and avoid direct contact with animals that appear sick.
Dealing with animal products from milk and meat carefully; cook them well, and use special tools and utensils while cutting meat, taking into account not to use them in cutting and preparing other food items, in addition to the importance of washing and cleaning surfaces that come into contact with animal meat of various types, and keeping the meat chilled in the refrigerator freezer Until used.
Treating New Coronavirus
There are no treatments currently available for the new coronavirus, but a new vaccine to prevent the new corona Wuhan virus, treatment for it is under development at the present time, and any information confirming the success of any of it will be released upon its issuance, and with no specific and confirmed treatment for coronavirus, care is limited The health services provided for the sufferers to follow the vital signs and health status of the injured, and to provide treatments to alleviate the symptoms that appear on the injured, such as rest, the use of analgesics and antipyretics.
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