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Uveitis | What is uveitis, its causes, symptoms, types, and methods of treatment?
Uveitis is an eye inflammation that affects women, men, and children. Although this condition is considered relatively rare, it may reach a dangerous stage that causes complications that may lead to blindness. It is estimated that the most serious cases of uveitis are causing one in every ten cases of vision impairment. This indicates the importance of early diagnosis and treatment of the condition.
Symptoms of uveitis may include redness and eye pain ranging from mild pain to a severe feeling of discomfort, as well as blurred or blurred vision, sensitivity to light, seeing floating objects in front of the eye, decreased vision and headache. Also, symptoms may appear sudden or gradual over several days, as they may persist for a short period or for an extended period, or they may reappear several times.
- Eye pain and redness (pain ranges from mild to severe discomfort, and the sensation is as if the eye had a bruise).
- Eye redness may not appear in children.
- Blurry vision in one eye.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Clear or new floating shapes – shades, tangled lines or floating points that move around the field of view.
- Losing the ability to see objects on the sides of the field of view.
- The pupil appears differently or does not diminish upon exposure to light.
- Headaches back of head.
- Iritis in the front of the eye is the most common type – it causes 3 in every 4 cases of uveitis. (It causes pain and red eyes and may recur)
- Iritis in the central part of the eye (inflammation may cause floating objects and blurred vision)
- Iritis in the back of the eye – and may cause vision problems.
Causes of uveitis are still unclear, but they usually include impairment of the body’s immune system, inflammation or injury to the eye, including eye position after surgery. A cause or disease is found in one of the vital organs of the body in about half of the cases of uveitis, but the cause is not known in the other half.
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Eye drops are usually used to treat uveitis in the front of the eye, while syringes, tablets, and drug capsules are used to treat the condition in the middle and posterior part of the eye.
The initial treatment for this condition depends on the use of steroids (corticosteroids). Other treatment options include anti-inflammatory drugs, immune system inhibitors, and sometimes vital drugs and surgery.
Uveitis Treatment is usually offered in cooperation with another medical specialist, such as a rheumatologist.
Uveitis Causes vary and may be:
- Severe – (conditions that recover quickly after treatment)
- Frequent reappearance – (cases that recur at intervals of several months)
- Chronic Uveitis – (These are conditions that persist in the long term or require longer medication to be treated)
Complications of Uveitis:
Most cases of uveitis quickly respond to treatment, however, there are potential complications such as cataracts, glaucoma, blindness and permanent damage to vision.
Uveitis usually affects men and women from 20 to 59 years old, but it may also affect children, especially children who suffer from joint diseases. People who suffer from infections or other immune diseases are more likely to develop the disease.
Uveitis is a relatively rare condition, but it is one of the leading causes of visual impairment, which means how important it is to diagnose and treat the condition as quickly as possible. An eye health professional can diagnose uveitis by scanning, scanning, x-ray images and blood tests. Most patients respond quickly to treatment and do not suffer from subsequent problems, except that the possibility of complications is always present, which may lead to permanent damage to the ability to see or partially lose it.
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